The best way to explore Florence is on foot: the city centre is compact, and traffic is restricted. There is a comprehensive bus network (ATAF) operating from 5:30am until midnight. Tickets are valid for 90 minutes for a single-use ticket, or multiple-ride tickets of two or four 90 minute-uses can be purchased. Tickets must be validated by punching them in a machine when you board the bus. Tickets, and various bus passes, are available from any vendor displaying the ATAF sticker, such as newsagents, automatic dispensers, coffee bars and on-board the bus. Tickets cost €1.20 beforehand, or €2 if bought on the bus, and exact change is needed. Using taxis in Florence is difficult, as they cannot be hailed on the street. Taxi ranks are to be found outside the train station and most tourist sites, or they can be phoned. The flag fee is €3.30, and additional fees are charged for luggage, as well as night time and Sunday travel. Women travelling alone between the city centre and their hotel or apartment from 9pm to 2am can ask for a 10 percent discount on their taxi fare.
GMT +1 (GMT +2 between the last Sunday in March and the Saturday before the last Sunday in October).
Electrical current in Italy is 230 volts, 50Hz. A variety of plugs are in use, including the European-style two-pin plug.
The Euro (EUR) is the official currency, which is divided into 100 cents. Those arriving in Italy with foreign currency can obtain Euros through any bank, ATM or bureaux de change. ATMs are widespread. Credit cards are accepted in upmarket establishments and shops around the cities. Banks are closed on weekends, but tend to have better rates than casas de cambios.
The international access code for Italy is +39. There can be high surcharges on calls made from hotels and it is generally cheaper to use a calling card. Public telephone boxes take phone cards for local and international calls, which can be bought from newsagents. The local mobile phone operators use GSM networks and have roaming agreements with most international operators. Internet cafes are available in the main towns and resorts.
Emergencies: 113 (Police); 118 (Ambulance)
|New Years Day||1 Jan||1 Jan|
|Epiphany||6 Jan||6 Jan|
|Easter Monday||6 Apr||28 Mar|
|Liberation Day||25 Apr||25 Apr|
|Labour Day||1 May||1 May|
|Anniversary of the Republic||2 Jun||2 Jun|
|Assumption of the Virgin||15 Aug||15 Aug|
|All Saints’ Day||1 Nov||1 Nov|
|Day of Immaculate Conception||8 Dec||8 Dec|
|Christmas Day||25 Dec||25 Dec|
|Santo Stefano||26 Dec||26 Dec|
Florence enjoys a humid, subtropical climate, with the city's location in a valley making its climate slightly different to the rest of Tuscany. Summers are hot and muggy with temperatures higher than those found along the coast. In the hottest months, July and August, temperatures range between 88°F (31°C) and 63°F (17°C). Visitors should note that in August many locals take their holiday and a number of restaurants and businesses close down for at least part of the month. In the coldest month, January, the temperatures range between 50°F (10°C) and 34°F (1°C). Rainfall prevails in the winter, with cool to cold temperatures and occasional snow. November is the wettest month but visitors should anticipate rain in October, December, March and April as well. The peak tourist season in Florence is summer, between June and August, when it is hot but beautiful. However, the sheer amount of visitors during summer can be off-putting for serious art-lovers and sightseers, and the best time to visit Florence is therefore in spring or autumn. Winter is definitely also an option, with the bonus that the galleries and museums are far more peaceful at this time, but come prepared for rain if you holiday in Florence in winter.
The airport is connected with the city by a bus service from the central railway station every half hour, operated by the local Florence city bus company ATAF. The bus is called the VolaInBus and runs from 6am to 11:30pm. The route typically takes 20-25 minutes and you can buy a ticket directly from the bus driver or from newsagents and coffee bars in the airport. The tickets cost about €6 for a single trip or about €10 for a round trip. Note: you must buy roundtrip tickets before boarding the bus, not from the bus driver.
Auto Europa, Avis, Budget, Europcar, Hertz, National/Maggiore, and Sixt operate car hire facilities from the airport.
Taxis are located in front of the terminal, and fares to downtown Florence start from €20; the journey takes roughly 15 minutes.
Airport facilities include a lost and found, information desks, VIP lounges, public phones, disabled assistance, medical facilities, and a variety of shopping and dining options.
Short and long-term parking options are available.
Wifi is available in paid lounge.