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One of the islands in the Spree river is home to so much world-renowned art that UNESCO has placed it on the World Heritage list. According to the UN cultural commission, ‘the unique collection of buildings illustrates more than a century of modern museum design’. It began in the 16th century with the pleasure garden near the city castle, and now Museum Island is home to 5 of the world's most prestigious museums.
The 16th-century Stadtschloss ('city castle') used to stand here on the island, but it was blown up in 1950 by GDR leader Walter Ulbricht and is currently being rebuilt. The palace garden can still be found, next to the majestic Berliner Dom and the Altes Museum full of classical antiquities. But the island is mostly known for its wonderful museums. The Neues Museum houses collections of Egyptian and prehistoric art, as well as ancient historic artefacts. The Alte Nationalgalerie displays paintings and sculptures. The Pergamonmuseum houses enormous structures of classical antiquities, and the Bodemuseum features a collection of coins and Byzantine art. In a row: three of Berlin’s most of famous art treasures.