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In the heart of the Etu-Tӧӧlӧ neighbourhood in Helsinki, a copper dome with an almost extra-terrestrial appearance rises from the rocky ground. Hidden below is a unique structure, the Temppeliaukio Church. The church is hacked out of rock, hence the nickname ‘the Rock Church’. This fascinating church enjoys international fame as the ultimate example of Finnish architecture.
In 1906, the city council decided that a church should be built on the rugged piece of land at the end of Fredrikinkatu, a major street in Helsinki. The design process was not without its challenges: after an initial design competition, the jury was not entirely happy with the submissions. The second time around the winning plans failed in the early stages due to the onset of World War II. But the third time proved to be the charm and the rock church was ultimately completed in 1969.