La Rambla is the busiest pedestrian street in Barcelona and immensely popular with both tourists and locals. The 1.2-kilometre-long street is completely car-free and lined with tall trees. La Rambla offers a huge range of kiosks, stalls and street artists and is Barcelona’s liveliest and most vibrant street from early morning to late at night.
Originally, the Rambla was a small river that flowed just outside the city limits. In the 16th century, monasteries and a university were built along the water. Three centuries later, the city wall was knocked down and more buildings emerged along the then dried-up river. Spaniards also refer to this street as Las Ramblas, because the Rambla actually consists of 5 different parts – often named after buildings that were originally on this street, but have long been torn down.
La Rambla begins at Plaça de Catalunya and La Rambla de Canaletes, named after the 19th-century Canaletes fountain. The Spanish expression 'he drinks water from Canaletes' means that someone is from Barcelona – legend says that anyone who drinks from the fountain will keep coming back to this city. Next comes La Rambla dels Estudis, named after a 16th-century university (the Estudi General), which was demolished in 1843. This area includes several interesting buildings, such as La Reial Acadèmia de Ciències i Arts. The royal academy displays the city’s first public clock.
La Rambla de Sant Joseph is named after a demolished monastery, but it is better known as La Rambla de los Flors (the flower Rambla). This part of La Rambla ends in a small square called Plaça de la Boqueria- , which contains a mosaic by famous Barcelona artist Joan Miró. La Rambla dels Caputxins, which was named after the former Capuchin monastery, boasts several highlights: the Catalan Modernist Gran Teatre del Liceu, and access to Plaça Reial, a 19th-century square designed by Antoni Gaudí. On the other side of La Rambla, in the side street Nou de la Rambla, stands one of Gaudí's first residential buildings: the fabulously beautiful Palau Güell. The parabolic shapes give a taste of Gaudí's later work, such as Park Güell.
The last part of the street is called La Rambla de Santa Monica, named after a monastery that was transformed into a museum: the Centre d'Art Santa Mònica. This Rambla leads to a roundabout, with in its centre the roughly 60-metre-high Columbus Monument. At the very end of the 5 Ramblas, you will find the Maremagnum: a complex with shops, an Imax theatre and even an aquarium.