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The Panama Canal is also called the 8th wonder of the world and that's quite understandable. The project was one of the largest and most incredible engineering feats in history. Ships no longer have to sail around the continent but can cut straight through the 77-km-long canal, saving an enormous amount of time and money.
The French were the first to attempt to construct a canal in 1880 but their effort was unsuccessful. During this construction, over 20,000 workers died of diseases such as yellow fever and malaria, and the project was shut down. Between 1904 and 1914, the Panama Canal was completed by the Americans who then ensured that the new waterway came under American control. Panama didn’t obtain official ownership of the canal until noon (local Panama time) on 31 December 1999.
To travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific, ships must bridge a 26-metre height difference. The ships go through 3 locks: the Miraflores, Pedro Miguel and Gatun locks. An ingenious system lowers the ships using gravity. The total journey through the Panama Canal takes about 8-10 hours and more than 14,000 ships a year make the trip. They pay a huge toll (around one hundred thousand Euros), but this is still a lot cheaper than sailing all the way around South America.
The Miraflores lock offers the best views of the canal, the gigantic sea tankers and cruise ships. It is approximately a 30-minute drive from Panama City to the lock. There is a visitor centre with a viewing platform, a restaurant with a terrace and a souvenir shop. You will also find various exhibits, scale models, video presentations and interactive modules to explain how the locks and the canal work. But the best way to learn about the canal is to wait for a ship and see the ‘real deal’ in action, a spectacular sight.
The Panama Canal is not only one of the most amazing feats of engineering because of its sheer size, but also because of its many ingenious solutions. The canal is filled with fresh water in order to separate the salt water and flora and fauna of the 2 oceans. A man-made lake, Gatun Lake, acts as a basin that feeds rainwater and water from the surrounding rainforest to the canal. Special electric locomotives on both sides of the lock ensure that the ships enter the lock in the correct position and remain in place throughout the journey.