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Lima’s rich history is concentrated in the historical centre of the city, known by the Limeños as Cercado de Lima. The architecture consists of an interesting collection of 16th-century basilicas, convents, houses and squares. This unique cultural heritage on the shores of the Rimac River has been awarded a prestigious UNESCO World heritage designation.
Francisco Pizarro founded his Ciudad de los Reyes, the ‘City of Kings’, in 1535. The name didn’t really take but the city did become the centre of South America. For 3 centuries, Lima was the political, religious and economic capital of the New World and the home of the viceroy. Various authorities settled here, quickly followed by churches, convents, mansions, bridges and squares. These impressive samples of colonial architecture evoke a past era.