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Azerbaijan is also known as the ‘Land of Fire’. Around the capital Baku it is easy to see why: the oil and gas fields in the regions are enormous. Flames shoot up from the ground at Absheron, the peninsula in the Caspian Sea where Baku is located.
Oil has been traded here as early as the 3rd century A.D. Natural gas leaks were ignited and worshipped in religious ceremonies. Serious exploration of these natural treasures only began in the 19th century. Locals however were quick to take advantage of their resources. Industrial gas and oil exploration had already begun in Baku in 1848, more than 10 years before the first oil wells were discovered in the United States. That is why this region is also regarded as the birthplace of the oil industry.